Admitting to an addiction has long been touted as the first step to recovery. But for those who are actually struggling with compulsive behavior, admitting to an addiction is admitting in part to defeat and failure, and succumbing to a permanent label from which they are never truly freed -- "once an addict, always an addict." This book explores the addiction concept, and how, in some instances, replacing it with alternative avenues of therapy can mean the difference between enervation and empowerment for many individuals. This book explores the logical, empirical, and practical limitations of the addiction concept, its primary elements, and the models to which it has given birth. It provides readers with an objective appraisal of the addiction concept, presents an alternative capable of explaining addictive behavior and offers viable avenues of therapeutic intervention. Psychologists, addiction counselors, substance abuse counselors, and behavioral therapists involved in the treatment of substance abuse and addictive behaviors will welcome this book as a bold and innovative approach for intervention.
- Describe three different models of addiction.
- Discuss the relationship between substance and behavioral addictions.
- Compare and contrast the different models of addictions for behavioral disorders.
Table of Contents
- A Brief History of Addiction.
- A Criterion Definition of Addiction.
- What Is the Addiction Concept?
- Martin: An Illustrative Case Example.
- The Organization of This Book.
The Lifestyle Model as an Alternative to the Addiction Concept
- What Is a Lifestyle?
- A Comparison of the Addiction and Lifestyle Concepts.
- A Brief Overview of Lifestyle Theory.
- Martin: A Lifestyle Analysis.
Addiction as a Biological Construct
- Biological Constructions of Addiction.
- Genetic Correlates of Addiction.
- Physiological Correlates of Addiction.
Addiction as a Psychological Construct
- Addiction as Self-Medication.
- Addiction as Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
- The Addictive Personality: Two Myths in One?
Addiction as a Sociological Construct
- The Social Mold Perspective on Addiction.
- Addiction as Codependence.
Addiction as a Pragmatic Construct
- Maintenance Strategies.
- Research Focus: Therapist Effects.
- An Alternate View.
Logical Limitations of the Addiction Concept
- The Logical Analogy: Loss of Control.
- Logically Incongruent Premises: Split Responsibility.
- Argumentum ad Verecundian: Deification of the Twelve Steps.
- Argumentum ad Baculum: The Controlled Drinking Controversy.
- Argumentum ad Ignorantiam: Addictive Liability.
- Petitio Principii: The Tautology of Addiction.
- Composition: Dichotomy versus Continuum.
- Division: The Uniformity Myth.
Empirical Limitations of the Addiction Concept
- Controlled Involvement.
- Unassisted Change.
- Brief, Environmental, and Behavioral Interventions.
- Attributions: The Abstinence Violation Effect.
- The Sociocultural Parameters of Addictive Involvement.
- Setting Effects.
Practical Limitations of the Addiction Concept
- Options and Opportunities.
- The Stages of Change.
10.Managing the Limitations of the Addiction Concept
- The Logical Limitations of the Addiction Concept.
- The Empirical Limitations of the Addiction Concept.
- The Practical Limitations of the Addiction Concept.
- The Foundational Phase.
- The Vehicle Phase.
- The Resocialization Phase.
- The Lifestyle Change Program.
- Lifestyle Interventions with Martin.
- Attributes of a Good Working Hypothesis.
- Evaluation of the Addiction and Lifestyle Paradigms.
- Barriers to a New Paradigm.
- Closing Comment.
About the Author
Glenn D. Walters received his Ph.D. at Texas Tech University in 1982 with a concentration in Counseling Psychology and a minor in Neuroscience. He is employed full-time as a psychologist in a correctional setting while also teaching courses, both graduate and undergraduate, as an adjunct professor at The Pennsylvania State University, Schuylkill, and Chestnut Hill College. In addition to personality theory, he teaches psychology of addictions, developmental psychology, and abnormal psychology. He has written two other books with Sage: "Drugs & Crime in Lifestyle Perspective" and "The Criminal Lifestyle: Patterns of Serious Criminal Conduct." The present book is an outgrowth of the author's experiences teaching personality and the realization that personality theories are better understood once students appreciate the spirit and context in which these theories were conceived.
This CE course is designated as intermediate to advanced.